The Natiuitie of Christ, 8. and manifestation thereof to the Shepheards by an Angel & by them
to others. 21. His Circumcision. 22. His Presentation, togeather with Simeons (as also Annes)
Attestation and prophecying of his Passion, of the Iewes reprobation, and of the Gentils
illumination. 41. His annual ascending to Hierusalem with his parents, to whom he was subiect, and
his fulnes of wisedom shewed among the Doctours at twelue of his age.
1. The Ghospel at the first Masse vpon Christmas day. AND it came to passe, in those daies there came forth an Edict from Cæsar Augustus, that the whole world should be enroled.
2. This first enroling was made by the President of Syria Cyrinus.
3. And al went to be enroled, euery one into his owne citie.
4. In the yeare, from the creation of the world 5199. from Noes flud, 2957. from the Natiuitie of Abraham, 2015 from Moyses & the comming forth of the people of Israel out of Ægypt, 1510. from Dauid anointed king, 1032. from the first Olympias, 800. from the building of Rome, 752. hebdomada 63 according to the prophecie of Daniel (c. 9) that is, in the yeare 440. or there about: in the sixt Age of the world, when there was vniuersal peace in al the world: the Eternal God the Sonne of the Eternal Father, meaning to consecrate & sanctifie the world with his most blessed comming, being conceaued of the Holy Ghost nine moneths after his conception, IESUS CHRIST the sonne of God is borne in Bethlehem of Iuda, in the yeare of Cesar Augustus 42. Vsuard. in martyrol. Decēb. 25. according to the common ancient supputation. And Ioseph also went vp from Galilee out of the citie of Nazareth into Iewie, to the citie of Dauid that is called Beth-lehem: for because he was of the house and familie of Dauid,
5. to be enroled with Marie his despoused wife that was with child.
6. And it came to passe, when they were there, her daies were fully come that she should be deliuered.
7. And she brought forth her first begotten Sonne, and swadled him in clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was not place for them in the inne.
8. And there were in the same countrie shepheards watching, and keeping the night watches ouer their flock.
9. Abd behold, an Angel of our Lord stood beside them, and the brightnes of God did shine round about them, and they feared with a great feare.
10. And the Angel said to them: Feare not; for behold I euangelize to you great ioy, that shal be to al the people:
11. because this day is borne to you a Saviour which is Christ our Lord, in this citie of Dauid.
12. And this shal be a signe to you; You shal find the infant swadled in clothes, and laid in a manger.
13. And sodenly there was with the Angel a multitude of the heauenly armie, praising God, and saying,
14. GLORIA IN EXCELSIS at Masse. Glorie in the highest to God: and in earth peace to Men of good wil.
The birth of Christ giueth not peace of minde or saluation but to such as be of good wil, because he worketh not our good against our willes, but our willes concurring. Aug. quæst. ad Simplic. li. 1. q. 2. to. 4. men of good wil.
15. The Ghospel at the second masse vpon Christmas day. And within the Octaue. And for a Votiue of our Lady from Christmas to Candlemas. And it came to passe, after the Angels departed from them into Heauen, the shepheards spake one to an other: Let vs goe ouer to Bethlehem, and let vs see this Word that is done, which our Lord hath shewed to vs.
16. And they came with speed; and they found Marie and Ioseph, and the infant laid in the manger.
17. And seeing it, they vnderstood of the Word that had been spoken to them concerning this child.
18. And al that heard, did maruel; and concerning those things that were reported to them by the shepheards.
19. But Marie Kept al.
Our B. Lady ful of deepe contemplations.
Our Lady though litle be spoken of her concerning such matters in the Scriptures, because she was a woman, and not admitted to teach or dispute in publick of high mysteries; yet she knew al these mysteries, and wisely noted and contemplated of those things that were done and said about Christ, from the first houre of his Conception til the end of his life and his Ascension. kept al these words, conferring them in her hart.
20. And the shepheards returned, glorifying and praysing God in al things that they had heard, and seen, as it was said to them.
21. The Ghospel vpon the Circumcision of our Lord Ian. 1. And Gen. 17,12. after eight daies were expired, that the child should be circumcised; his name was called Iesvs, which was Luke 1,31. called by the Angel, before that he was conceaued in the womb.
22. The Ghospel vpon the Purification of our Lady or Candlemas day. And after the daies were fully ended of her purification Leu. 12,6. according to the law of Moyses, they caried him into Hierusalem, to present him to our Lord
23. (as it is written in the law of our Lord, That euery male opening the matrice, shal be called holy to the lord.)
24. and to giue a sacrifice Num. 8,16.
Leu. 12,8. according as it is written in the law of our Lord, a paire of turtles, or two yong pigeons.
25. And behold there was a man in Hierusalem named Simeon, and this man was iust and religious, expecting the conselation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was in him.
26. And he had receaued an answer of the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death vnles he saw first the See Iohn 1,20 and 41. Christ of our Lord.
27. And he came in Spirit into the Temple. And when his parents brought in the child Iesvs, to doe according to the custome of the Law for him,
28. he also tooke him into his armes, and blessed God, and said:
29. NVNC DIMITTIS at Complin. Now Thov doest dimisse thy seruant O Lord, according to thy word in peace.
30. Because mine eyes haue seen thy Salvation,
31. Which thou hast prepared before the face of al peoples:
32. A light to the reuelation of the Gentils, & the glorie of thy people Israel.
33. And his father and mother were marueling vpon those things which were spoken concerning him.
34. And Simeon blessed them, and said to Marie his mother: Behold this is set vnto To the ruine.
Mens ruine and damnation is of them selues.
Therfore to the ruine of some, because they would not beleeue in him, and so were the cause of their owne ruine, as he is elswhere called, *A stumbling stone, because many would stumble at him and so fal by their owne fault. Othersome he raised by grace from sinne to iustice, and so he was the resurrection of many. The Apostle vseth the like speach, saying: We are to some the odour of life, vnto life: to others, the odour of death vnto death. Not that their preaching was to cause death, but because they that would not beleeue their preaching, wilfully incurred deadly sinne and damnation.
*1 Pet. 2,8.
**2 Corinth. 2,16. the ruine, and vnto the resurrection of many in Israel, & for a signe which shal be contradicted,
35. and Simeon prophecied not only of Christ but of our B. Lady: specially of her sorowes, wherein she was alwayes partaker with our sauiour, from his flight into Ægypt euen to his death. thine owne soule shal a sword pearce, that out of many harts cogitations may be reuealed.
36. And there was Anne a prohetisse, the daughter of Phannel, of the Tribe of Aser: she was farre striken in daies, and had liued with her husband seauen yeares from her virginitie.
37. And she was A widow.
Marke that widowhood is here mentioned to the commendation thereof euen in the old Testament also, and the fruit, and as it were the profession thereof, is here commended, to wit, fasting, praying, being continually in the Temple euen as S. Paul more at large for the state of the new Testament speaketh of *widowhood & virginitie, as being professions more apt and commodious for the seruice of God.
*1 Cor. 7. 1. Tim. 5. a widow vntil eightie and foure yeares; who departed not from the Temple, By fastings and prayers seruing.
Fasting an act of Religion.
Seruing, in the Greeke is λατρεύουσα, that is, doing diuine worship vnto God, as by praier, so also by fasting: so that fasting is λατρεία, that is, an act of Religion whereby we doe worship God, as we doe by prayer, and not vsed only to subdue our flesh, much lesse (as Heretikes would haue it) as a matter of pollicie. by fastings and praiers λατρεύουσα. seruing night and day.
38. And she at the same houre sodenly comming in, confessed to our Lord; and spake of him to al that expected the redemption of Israel.
39. And after they had wholy done al things according to the law of our Lord, they returned into Galilee, into their citie Nazareth.
40. And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit. strong: ful of wisedom, and the grace of God was in him.
41. And his parents went euery yeare vnto Hierusalem Exo. 23,15. 34,17.
Deu. 16,1. at the solemne day of Pasche.
42. The Ghospel vpon the first Sunday after the Epiphany. And when he was twelue yeares old, they going vp into Hierusalem according to the custome of the festiual day;
43. and hauing ended the daies, when they returned, the child Iesvs remained in Hierusalem: and his parents knew it not.
44. And thinking that he was in the companie, they came a daies iourney, and sought him among their kinsfolke and acquaintance.
45. And not finding him, they returned into Hierusalem, seeking him.
46. And it came to passe, after three daies they found him in the Temple sitting in the middes of the Doctours, hearing them and asking them.
47. And al were astonished that heard him, vpon his wisedom & answers.
48. And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Sonne, why hast thou so done to vs? behold thy father and I sorowing did seeke thee.
49. And he said to them: What is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about those things which are my Fathers?
50. And they vnderstood not the word that he spake vnto them.
51. And he went downe with them, and came to Nazareth; and was Subiect to them.
Dutiful obedience to parents.
Al children may learne hereby, that great ought to be their subiection and obedience to their parents, when Christ himself, being God, would be subiect to his parents being but his creatures. subiect to them. And his mother kept al these words in her hart.
52. And Iesvs proceeded in wisedom and age, and grace with God and men.