Christ going into the desert, to prepare himself before his Manifestation, ouercometh the
Diuels tentations. 12. Beginning in Galilee, as the Prophet said he should; 8. he calleth foure
Disciples; and with his preaching and miracles draweth vnto him innumerable folowers.
1. The Ghospel vpon the first Sunday in Lent. THEN Mar. 1,12.
Luke 4,1. Iesvs was ledde of the Spirit into the Desert.
As Iohn the Baptist, so our Sauiour by going into the desert, and there liuing in contemplation even among brute beasts, and subiect to the assaults of the Diuel for our sinnes, giveth a warrant and example to such holy men as have liued in wildernesse for penance and contemplation, called Eremites. desert, to be tempted of the Diuel.
2. And when he had Fasted fourtie daies.
Elias and Moyses (saith S. Hierom) by the fast of 40 daies, were filled with the familiaritie of God, and our Lord himself in the wildernesse fasted as many to leaue vnto vs the solemne daies of fast (that is, Lent.) Hierom. in c. 58 Esa. S. Augustine also hath the very like wordes ep. 119. And generally al the ancient Fathers that by occasion, or of purpose speake of the Lent-fast, make it not only an imitation of our Sauiours fast, but also an Apostolical tradition, and of necessitie to be kept. Contemne not Lent, (*Saith S. Ignatius) for it containeth the imitation of our Lords conuersation. And S. Ambrose saith plainely, **that it was not ordained by men, but consecrated by God: nor inuented by any earthly cogitation but commaunded by the heauenly Majestie. And againe, that it is sinne not to fast al the Lent. S. Hieroms words also be most plaine: ***We (saith he) fast fourtie daies, or, make one Lent in a yeare, according to the tradition of the Apostles, in time conuenient. This time most conuenient is (as S. Augustine saith ep. 119) immediatly before Easter, thereby to communicate with our Sauiours Passion:and (as other writers do adde) thereby to come the better prepared and more worthily, to the great solemnitie of Christs Resurrection: beside many other goodly reasons in the ancient Fathers which for breuitie we omit. See (good Christian Reader) 12. notable sermons of S. Leo the Great de Quadragesima, of Lent: namely Ser. 6. and 9. where he calleth it the Apostles ordinance by the doctrine of the Holy-Ghost. See S. Ambrose from the 23. Sermon forward; in S. Bernard 7. Sermons, and in many other Fathers the like. Last of al, note wel the saying of S. Augustine, ****who affirmeth that by due obseruation thereof, the wicked be separated from the good, Infidels from Christians, Heretikes from faithful Catholikes.
*Igna. ep. 5.
**Ambr. de. Quadrag. ser. 36. 34.
***Hier. ep. 54 ad Marcel. adu. Montanum.
****Aug. Ser. 69 de temp. fasted fourtie daies and fourtie nights afterward he was hungrie.
3. And the tempter approached and said to him: If thou be Sonne of God, commaund that these stones be made bread.
4. Who answered and said it is written, Deu. 8,3. Not in bread alone doth man liue, but in euery word that proceedeth from the mouth of God.
5. Then the Diuel tooke him vp into the holy citie, and set him vpon the pinnacle of the Temple,
6. and said to him: If thou be the Sonne of God, cast thy self downe, for It is written.
Heretikes alleage scriptures, as here the Deuil doth in the false sense; the Church vseth them, as Christ doth in the true sense, and to confute their falsehood. Aug. cont. lit. Petil. lib. 2. c. 51. to 5. it is written: Psa. 50,12. That he wil giue his Angels charge of thee, & in their hands shal they hold thee vp, least perhaps thou knock thy foote against a stone.
7. Iesvs sayd to him againe: It is written, Deu. 6,16. Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
8. Againe the Diuel tooke him vp into a very high mountaine: and he shewed him the Kingdoms of the world, and the glorie of them,
9. and sayd to him: Al these wil I giue thee, if faling downe thou wilt adore me.
10. Then Iesvs saith to him: Avant Satan; for it is written, Deu. 6,13. The Lord thy God shalt thou adore, and Him only serue.
It was not sayd, saith S. Augustine: The Lord thy God only shalt thou adore, as it was said, Him only shalt thou serve; in Greeke, λατρεύσεις Aug. sup. Gen. 9. 16. Wherevpon the Catholike Church hath alwayes vsed this most true & necessarie distinction, that there is an honour dew to God only, which to give vnto any creature, were idolatrie; and there is an honour dew to creatures also according to their dignitie, as to Saints, holy things, and holy place. See Euseb. Hist. Ec. li. 4 c. 14. S. Hierom. cont. Vigil. ep. 53. Aug. lib. 10 Ciuit. c. 2 li. 1. Trin. c. 6 Conc. Nic. 2 Damasc. li. 1 de Imag. Bed. in 4 Luc. him only shalt thou serue.
11. Then the Diuel left him; and behold Angels came, and ministred to him.
12. THE THIRD part of the Ghospel, of Christs manifesting him self by preaching, & that in Galilee. And when Mar. 1,14.
Luke 4,14. Iesvs had heard Iohn was deliuered vp, he retired into Galilee:
13. and leauing the citie of Nazareth, came and dwelt in Capharnaum a sea towne, in the borders of Zabulon of Nephthali;
14. that it might be fulfilled which was said by Esay the Prophet.
15. Isai. 9,1. Land of Zabulon & land of Nephthali, the way of the sea beyond Iordan of Galilee, of the Gentils:
16. the people that fate sate in darknesse, hath seen great light: & to them that sate in a countrie of shadow of death, light is risen to them.
17. From that time Iesvs began to preach, and to say: Mar. 1,15. Doe pennance, Doe pennance.
That penance is necessarie also before Baptisme, for such as be of age; as Iohns, so our Sauiours preaching declareth, both beginning with penance. for the Kingdom of Heauen is at hand.
18. The Ghospel vpon S. Andrewes day. And Iesvs Luke 5,1. walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea (for they were fishers)
19. and he sayth to them: Come ye after me, and I wil make you to be fishers of men.
20. But they incontinent leauing the nets, folowed him.
21. And going forward from thence, he saw Mar. 1,19.
Luke 5,10. other two brethren, Iames of Zebedee, and Iohn his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father, reparing their nets: and he called them.
22. And they forthwith left their nets and father and folowed him.
23. And Iesvs went round about al Galilee, teaching in their Synagogues, & preaching the Ghospel of the Kingdom: and Healing euery maladie.
Christ (saith S. Augustine) by miracles gat authoritie, by authoritie found credit, by credit drew together a multitude, by a multitude obtained antiquitie, by antiquitie fortified a Religion, which not only the most fond new rising of Heretikes vsing deceitful wiles, but neither the drowsie old errours of the very Heathen with violence setting against it, might in anie part shake and cast downe. Aug. de vtil. cred. c. 14. healing euery maladie, and euery infirmitie, in the people.
24. And the bruite of him went into al Syria, and they presented to him al that were il at ease, diuersly taken with diseases and torments, and such as were possest, and lunatikes, and sick of the palsey, and he cured them:
25. And much people folowed him from Galilee, and Decapolis, and Hierusalem, and from Iurie and from beyond Iordan.