THE FIFTH part of this Ghospel. Of the Holy week of his Passion in Hierusalem. Being now come to the place of his Passion, he entreth with humilitie and triumph togeather: 12. Sheweth his zeale for the house of God ioyned with great maruels. 15. And to the Rulers he boldly defendeth the acclamations of the children. 18. He curseth also that fruitles leafie tree: 23. auoucheth his power by the witnes of Iohn: 28. and foretelleth in two parables their reprobation (with the Gentils vocation) for their wicked deserts, 42 and consequently their irreparable damnation that shal ensue therof.
1. The Ghospel on Palme Sunday before the benediction of the Palmes.
PALME SVNDAY. Mark 11,1.
Iohn 12,15. AND when they drew nigh to Hierusalem, and were come to Beth-phagee vnto Mount-oliuet, then Iesvs sent two Disciples,
2. saying to them: Goe ye into the towne that is against you, and immediatly You shal find.
Christ by diuine power both knew where these beasts were, being absent, and commanded them for his vse, being an other mans, and suddenly made the colt fit to be ridden on, neuer broken before. you shal find an asse tied and a colt with her: loose them & being them to me:
3. And if any man shal say ought vnto you, say ye, that our Lord hath need of them: and forthwith he wil let them goe.
4. And this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Prophet, saying:
5. Isai. 62,11.
Zach. 9,9. Say ye to the daughter of Sion: Behold thy King commeth to thee, meeke, & sitting vpon an asse and a colt the fole of her that is vsed to the yoke.
6. And the Disciples going, did as Iesvs commanded them.
7. And they brought The asse and the colt.
This asse vnder yoke signifieth the Iewes vnder the Law and vnder God their Lord, as it were his old and ancient People: the yong colt now first ridden on by Christ, signifieth the Gentils, wild hitherto and not broken, now to be called to the faith and to receaue our Sauiours yoke. And therfore the three last Euangelists writing specially to the Gentils, make mention of the colt only.
Hiero. in Mat.
Aug. li. 12 cont. Faust. c. 42. the asse and the colt:: and laid their garments vpon them, and made him to sit theron.
8. And a very great multitude spred their Garments in the way.
Procession on Palme-sunday with the B. Sacrament.
These offices of honour done to our Sauiour extraordinarily, were very acceptable: and for a memorie hereof the holy Church maketh a solemne Procession euery yeare vpon this day, specially in our Countrie when it was Catholike, with the B. Sacrament reuerently caried, as it were Christ vpon the asse, and strawing of rushes and floures, bearing of Palmes, setting up boughes, spreading and hanging vp the richest clothes, the quire and queristers singing as here the children and the People; al done in a very goodly ceremonie to the honour of Christ, and the memorie of his triumph vpon this day.
Al deuout offices in that kinde, exceeding grateful.
The like seruice and the like duties done to him in al other solemne Processions of the B. Sacrament, and otherwise, be vndoubtedly no lesse grateful. garments in the way: and others did cut boughs from the trees, and strawed them in the way:
9. and the multitudes that went before and that folowed, cried, saying: Psa. 117,26. Hosanna to the Sonne of Dauid: Blessed is he that commeth in the name of our Lord. Hosanna.
These very wordes of ioyful crie and triumphant voice of gratulation to our Sauiour, holy Church vseth alwayes in the Preface of the Masse, as it were the voice of the Priest and al the people (who then specially are attent and deuout) immediatly before the Consecration & Eleuation, as it were expecting, & reioycing at his comming. Hosanna in the highest.
10. The Ghospel vpon Tuesday the first weeke in Lent. And when he was entred Hierusalem the whole citie was moued, saying: Who is this?
11. And the People said: This is Iesvs the Prophet, of Nazareth in Galilee.
12. And Mark 11,15.
Luke 19,45. Iesvs, entred in the temple of God, and cast out al that How much the abuse of Churches by merchandising, walking, or other profane occupying of them, displeaseth God, here we may see. sold and bought in the temple, and the tables of the bankers, & the chaires of them that sold pigeons he ouerthrew:
13. and he saith to them: It is written, Isai. 56,7.
Ier. 7,11. My house shal be called the House of prayer.
Note here that he calleth external Sacrifice (out of the Prophet Esay) prayer. For he speaketh of the Temple, which was builded properly and principally for Sacrifice. house of prayer: but you haue made it a denne of theeues.
14. And there came to him the blind, and the lame in the temple; and he healed them.
15. And the cheefe Priestes & Scribes seeing the maruelous things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, & saying, Hosanna to the Sonne of Dauid; they had indigination,
16. and said to him: Hearest thou what these say? And Iesvs said to them: Very wel, haue you neuer read: Psa. 8,1. That out of the Mouth of infants.
Yong childrens prayers proceeding from the instinct of Gods spirit, be acceptable: and so the voices of the like, or of other simple folke now in the Church, though them selues vnderstand not particularly what they say, be maruelous grateful to Christ. mouth of infants and sucklings thou hast perfited praise?
17. And leauing them, he went forth out of the citie into Bethania, and remained there.
18. MVNDAY. And in the marning returning into the citie, he was an hungred.
19. Mark 11,13. And seeing a certaine The Iewes hauing the wordes of the law, and not the deedes, were the fig tree ful of leaues, and void of fruit. Aug. de verb. Do. Serm. 44. figtree by the way side, he came to it, and found nothing on it but leaues only, and he saith to it: Neuer grow there fruit of thee for euer. And incontinent the figtree was withered.
20. And the Disciples seeing it marueled saying: How is it withered incontinent?
21. TVESDAY. And Iesvs answering said to them: Amen I say to you, Mark 17,20. if you shal haue faith, and stagger not, not only that of the figtree shal you doe, but and if you shal say to this mountaine, Take vp and throw thyself into the sea, it shal be done.
22. And al things whatsoeuer you shal aske in prayer Beleeuing.
Prayers not vnderstood of the partie, are acceptable.
In respect of our own unworthinesse, and of the thing not alwayes expedient for vs, we may wel doubt when we pray, whether we shal obtaine or no: but on Gods part we must beleeve, that is, we must have no diffidence or mistrust either of his power or of his wil, if we be worthie, and the thing expedient. And therfore S. Marke hath thus, Have ye faith of God.
*Mark. 11, 22. beleeuing, you shal receaue.
23. And when he was come into the temple, there came to him as he was teaching, the cheefe Priests and Ancients of the People, saying: Mark 11,28.
Luke 20,2. In what power?
Heretikes runne, not sent.
The Heretikes presumptuously thinke themselves in this point like to Christ, because they are asked, in what power they come, and who sent them: but when they have answered this question as fully as Christ did here, by that which he insinuateth of Iohns testimonie for his authority, they shal be heard, and til then they shal be stil taken for those of whom God speaketh by the Prophet: *They ranne, and I sent them not.
Ier. 23. In what power doest thou these things? and who hath giuen thee this power?
24. Iesvs answering said to them: I also wil aske you one word, which if you shal tel me, I also wil tel you in what power I doe these things.
25. The Baptisme of Iohn whence was it? from Heauen, or from men? But they thought within themselues, saying:
26. If we shal say from Heauen, he wil say to vs, why then did you not beleeue him? But if we shal say from men, we feare the multitude, for al hold Iohn as a Prophet.
27. And answering to Iesvs they said: We knot not. He also said to them: Neither do I tel you in what power I doe these things.
28. But what is your opinion? A certaine man had two sonnes, and comming to the The first.
The first sonne here is the People of the Gentils, because Gentilitie was before there was a peculiar and chosen people of the Iewes, and therfore the Iewes here as the later, are signified by the other sonne. first, he said: Sonne, goe worke to day in my vineyard.
29. And he answering, said: I wil not. But afterward moued with repentance he went.
30. And comming to the other, he said lifewise. And he answering, said: I goe Lord, and he went not:
31. Which of the two did the fathers wil? They say to him: The first. Iesvs saith to them: Amen I say to you, that the Publicans and whoores goe before you into the Kingdom of God.
32. For Iohn came to you in the way of iustice, and you did not beleeue him. But the Publicans and whoores did beleeue him: but you seeing it, neither haue ye had repentance afterward, to beleeue him.
33. The Ghospel vpon friday the 2. weeke in Lent. An other parable heare ye: A man there was an housholder who Isai. 5,1.
Luke 20,9. planted a vineyard, and he made a hedge round about it, and digged in it a pressem and builded a towre, and let it out to husbandmen: and went forth into a strange countrie.
34. And when the time of fruits drew nigh, he sent his seruants to the husbandmen, to receaue the fruits therof.
35. And the husbandmen apprehending his seruants, one they beat, an other they killed, and an other they stoned.
36. Againe he sent other seruants more then the former: and they did to them likewise.
37. And last of al he sent to them his sonne, saying: They wil reuerence me sonne.
38. But the husbandmen seeing the sonne, said within themselues This is the Heire, come, let vs kil him, and we shal haue his inheritance.
39. And apprehending him they cast him forth out of the vineyard, & killed him.
40. When therfore the Lord of the vineyard shal come, what wil he doe to those husbandmen?
41. They say to him: The naughtie men he wil bring to naught: and his vineyard he wil let out to other husbandmen, that shal render him the fruit in their seasons.
42. Iesvs saith to them: Haue you neuer read in the Scriptures: Psa. 117,21. The stone which the builders reiected, the same is made into the head of the corner? By our Lord was this done, and it is maruelous in our eyes.
43. Therfore I say to you, that the Kingdom of God shal be taken away from you, and shal be giuen to a Nation yealding the fruits therof.
44. And Isai. 8,14. he that falleth vpon this ston, shal be broken: and on whom it falleth, it shal al to bruise him.
45. And when the cheefe Priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they knew that he spake of them.
46. And seeking to lay hands vpon him, they feared the multitudes: because they held him as a Prophet.