Original Douay Rheims Bible (1582 & 1610)

The Holy Ghospel of Iesvs Christ According to Saint Matthew

HOLY weeke. The Scribes and Pharisees after al this, continuing stil incorrigible, although he wil haue the doctrine of their Chaire obeied, yet against their workes (and namely their ambition) he openly inueigheth, crying to them eight woes for their eightfold hypocrisie and blindnes: 34. and so concluding with the most worthy reprobation of that persecuting Generation and their mother citie Ierusalem, with her Temple.
1. The Ghospel vpon Tuesday the 2. weeke in Lent. THEN Iᴇꜱᴠꜱ spake to the multitudes and to his Disciples, 2. saying: Vpon the Chaire of Moyses.
The See of Rome preserued in truth.
God preserueth the truth of Christian Religion in the Apostolike See of Rome, which is in the new Law answerable to the chaire of Moyses, notwithstanding the Bishops of the same were neuer so wicked of life: yea though some traitour as il as Iudas were Bishop thereof, it should not be preiudicial to the Church and innocent Christians, for whom our Lord prouiding said: Doe that which they say, but doe not as they doe. August. Epist. 165.
chaire of Moyses haue sitten the Scribes and the Pharisees. 3. Al things therfore Whatsoeuer they shal say.
The dignitie of the See of Rome, notwithstanding some euil Bishops thereof.
Why (Saith S. Augustin) *doest thou call the Apostolike Chaire the chaire of pestilence? If for the men, Why? Did our Lord Iesus Christ for the Pharisees, any wrong to the Chaire wherein they sate? Did he not commend that chaire of Moyses, and preseruing the honour of the Chaire, reproue them? For he saith: They sit vpon the Chaire of Moyses, that which they say, doe ye. These things if you did wel consider, you would not for the men whom you defame, blaspheme the See Apostolike, wherwith you doe not communicate. And againe he saith: **Neither for the Pharisees (to whom you compare vs not of wisdom but of malice) did our Lord command the Chaire of Moyses to be forsaken, in which Chaire verily he figured his owne, for he warned the People to doe that which they say, and not to doe that which they doe, and that the holinesse of the Chaire be in no case forsaken, nor the vnity of the flock deuided, for the naughty Pastours.
*Contra lit. Petil. li. 2. c. 51.
**Contra lit. Petil. li. 2. c. 61
whatsoeuer they shal say to you, obserue ye and doe ye: but according to their workes doe ye not, for they say and doe not. 4. For * Luke 11,46.
Act. 15,10.
they bind heauie burdens & importable: & put them vpon mens shoulders: but with a finger of their owne they wil not moue them. 5. But they doe al their workes for to be seen of men. For they make brode their These phylacteries were peeces of parchement, wherein they wrote the ten commandements, and folded it, and caried it on their forehead before their eyes, imagining grosly and superstitiously, that so they fulfilled that which is said Deu. 6. They shal be immoueable before thine eyes. Hiero. in 23. Mat. phylacteries, and enlarge their * Deu. 22,12.
Num. 15,38.
fringes. 6. And they Loue the first places.
He condemneth not due places of Superiority giuen or taken of men according to their degrees, but ambitious seeking for the same, and their proud hart and wicked intention, which he saw within them, and therfore might boldly reprehend them.
loue the first places at suppers, and * Mark 12,38. the first chaires in the Synagogues, 7. and salutattions in the market-place, and to be called of men, Rabbi. 8. But be not you called Rabbi. For One is your Maister.
Many maisters are many Archheretikes.
In the Catholike Church there is one Maister, Christ our Lord, and vnder him one Vicar, with whom al Catholike Doctours and teachers are one, because they teach al one thing. But in Archheretikes it is not so; where euery one of them is a diuerse Maister, and teacheth contrarie to the other, and wil be called Rabbi & Maister, euery one, of their owne Disciples: Arius a Rabbi among the Arians, Luther among the Lutherans, and among the Caluinists Caluin.
one is your Maister, and al you are brethren. 9. And cal none Father to yourself vpon earth: for one is your Father, he that is in Heauen. 10. Neither * Iam. 3,1. be ye called Maisters.
Doctours, Maisters, and spiritual Fathers.
Wyclefe, and the like Heretikes of this time, doe herevpon condemne degrees of Schoole & titles of Doctours and Maisters: where they might as wel reproue S. Paul for calling himself *Doctour and Maister of the Gentiles: and for saying *that there should be alwayes Doctours in the Church. And whereas they bring the other words folowing, against Religious men who are called Fathers; as wel might they by this place take away the name of carnal fathers, and blame S. Paule for calling himself ***the only spiritual Father of the Corinthians. But indeed nothing is here forbidden but the contentious diuision and partiality of such as make themselues Ringleaders of Schismes & Sects, as Donatus, Arius, Luther, Caluin.
*1 Tim. 2. 2 Tim. 1.
**Eph. 4.
***1 Cor. 4,15.
Maisters: for one is your Maister, Christ. 11. He that is the greater of you, shal be your serutour. 12. And he that exalteth himself, shal be humbled: and he that humbleth himself, shal be exalted. 13. But woe to you Scribes & Pharisees.
The honour of Priesthood.
In al these reprehensions it is much to be noted, that our Sauiour for the honour of Priesthood neuer reprehendeth Priests by that name. Cypr. ep. 65. Whereas our Heretikes vse this name of purpose in reproach and despite.
Scribes & Pharisees, Hypocrites: because you shut the Kingdom of Heauen before men. For your selues do not enter in: & those that are going in, you suffer not to enter. 14. Woe to you Scribes and Pharisees, Hypocrites: because you * Luke 20,47. deuoure widowes houses, Praying long prayers.
The intention.
They are not reprehended here for the things themselues, which for the most part are good, as, long prayer, making Proselytes, garnishing the Prophets sepulchres, &c, but for their wicked purpose and intention, as before is said of fasting, prayers, almes. Mat. 6.
praying long prayers. For this you shal receaue the greater iudgement. 15. Woe to you Scribes and Pharisees, Hypocrites: because goe round about the sea and the land to make one Proselyte: and when he is made, you make him the child of Hel Double more.
Not only faith.
They that teach that it is enough to haue only faith, doe make such Christians, as the Iewes did Proselytes, children of Hel farre more then before. August. lib. de fide & oper. cap. 26.
double more then yourselues. 16. Woe to you blind guides, that say, whosoeuer shal sweare by the temple, it is nothing: but he that shal sware by the gold of the temple, is bound. 17. Ye foolish and blind; for whether is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifieth the gold? 18. And whosoeuer shal sware by the Altar, it is nothing: but whosoeuer shal sweare by the guift that is vpon it, is bound. 19. Ye blind; for whether is greater, the guift, or the Altar that Sanctifieth.
The Altar is sanctified by our Lords body therevpon.
Note that donaries and guifts bestowed vpon Churches and Altars, be sanctified by dedication to God, and by touching the Altar and other holy things: as now specially the vessels of the Sacrifice and Sacrament of Christes body and bloud, by touching the same, and the Altar itself whervpon it is consecrated. Wherof Theophylact writeth thus vpon this place: *In the old law, Christ permitteth not the guift to be greater then the Altar, but with vs, the Altar is sanctified by the guift: for the hostes by the diuine grace are turned into our Lords body, and therfore is the Altar also sanctified by them.
*Theoph. 23 in Mat.
sanctifieth the guift? 20. He therfore that sweareth by the Altar, sweareth by it, and by al things that are vpon it: 21. And whosoeuer shal sware by the temple, sweareth by it and By him that dwelleth in it.
By this we see that swearing by creatures, as by the Ghospel, by Saints, is al referred to the honour of God, whose Ghospel it is, whose Saints they are.
by him that dwelleth in it: 22. And he that sweareth by Heauen, sweareth by the throne of God, and be him that sitteth thereon. 23. Woe to you Scribes and Pharisees, Hypocrites: because you tithe mint, and anise, and cummin, and haue left the weightier things of the law, iudgement, and mercie, and faith. These things you ought to haue done, & not to haue omitted those. 24. Blind guides, that strine a gnat, and swallow a camel. 25. Woe to you Scribes and Pharisees, Hypocrites: because you make cleane that on the outside of the cup and dish, but withing they are ful. you are ful of rapine and vncleannes. 26. Thou blind Pharisee, first make cleane the inside of the cup and the dish that the oustide may become cleane. 27. Woe to you Scibes and Pharisees, Hypocrites: because you are like to whited sepulchres, which outwardly appeare vnto men beautiful, but within are ful of dead mens bones, and al filthines. 28. So you are also outwardly indeed Appeare to men.
Christ might boldly reprehend them so often and so vehemently for hypocrisie, because he knew their harts and intentions: but we that can not see within men, may not presume to cal mens external good doings, hypocrisie: but iudge of men as we see and know.
appeare to men iust; but inwardly you are ful of hypocrisie and iniquitie. 29. Woe to you Scribes and Pharisees, Hypocrites: because you build the Prophets sepulchres, and Garnish.
Christ blameth not the Iewes for adorning the sepulchres of the Prophets, but rebuketh them of their malice toward him, and of that which by his diuine knowledge he foresaw, that they would accomplish the wickednes of their Fathers in sheeding his bloud, as their Fathers did the bloud of the Prophetes. Hilar.
garnish the moniments of iust men, 30. and say: If we had been in our Fathers dayes, we had not been their felowes in the bloud of the Prophets. 31. Therfore you are a testimonie to your owne selues, that you are the sonne of them that killed the Prophets. 32. The Ghospel vpon S. Steuens day Decemb. 26. And his Inuention, Aug. 3. And fil you vp the measure of your Fathers. 33. You serpents, vipers broods, how wil you flee from the iudgement of Hel? 34. Therfore behold I send vnto your Prophets, and wise men, and Scribes, and of them you shal kil & crucifie, and of them you shal scourge in your Synagogues, and persecute from citie into citie: 35. that vpon you may come al the iust bloud that was shed vpon the earth, from the bloud of * Gen. 4,8. Abel the iust, euen vnto the bloud of * 2 Par. 24,22. Zacharias the sonne of Barachias, whom you murdered between the temple & the Altar. 36. Amen I say to you, al these things shal come vpon this Generation. 37. * Luke 13,34. Hierusalem, Hierusalem, which killest the Prophets, and stonest them that were sent to thee, how often would I gather togeather thy children as the henne doth gather togeather her chickens vnder her wings, and thou Free wil. wouldest not? 38. Behold, your house shal be left desert to you. 39. For I say to you, you shal not see me from hence forth til you say: Blessed is he that commeth in the name of our Lord.